Agnieszka Bien, Conceptualization , Methodology , Recognition , Studies , Info , Writing – modern write , Creating – review & modifying , Investment government , step 1 Magdalena Korzynska-Pietas, Investigation , Information , Writing – new draft , 1 Marta Zarajczyk, Resources , Creating – brand-new draft , 1 Mariusz Wysokinski, Analysis , Creating – comment & editing , dos Iwona Niewiadomska, Official investigation , Investigation , Writing – feedback & editing , step three Krzysztof Jurek, Validation , Specialized analysis , Studies , cuatro and Ewa Rzonca, Research , Writing – brand new write , Writing – comment & editing 5, *
Background: Methods: The research tools were the menopause-specific quality of life (MENQOL) questionnaire and a standardized interview questionnaire comprising questions on the participants’ characteristics. The study involved 516 women using health care services who had symptoms caused by the menopause. Results: The value of the Cronbach’s alpha coefficient was 0.923. The discriminative power coefficients of all the questionnaire items were higher than 0.3. The study confirmed the validity and internal consistency of the Polish version of the MENQOL questionnaire for measuring the quality of life of postmenopausal women, suggesting that the tool can be used for screening menopausal symptoms in women. There was a relationship between general quality of life and age (p = 0.002), marital status (p < 0.001),>
step one. Addition
The new perimenopausal several months inside the a good woman’s every day life is a period you to definitely relates to alterations in the female muscles off premenopause, menopausal and you may postmenopause. The fresh new premenopausal months was described as a reduction in the hormonal regarding steroid hormones, the new disappearance out of virility additionally the appearance of some symptoms, as well as abnormal hemorrhaging . These transform resulted in menopausal, and that, according to the Globe Health Providers (WHO), scratching the https://kissbrides.com/hr/plenty-of-fish-recenzija/ latest mental, long lasting cessation out of periods considering the cessation out-of this new ovarian setting . It is estimated that menopausal happen typically between your age forty-five and 55 . This new peri-menopause several months was associated with the changes in the hormone estrogen and you may progesterone concentrations. The resulting hormonal alterations apply to ladies’ mental and you can somatic doing work and you will can be, thus, and additionally allow hard to fulfil social, elite group and you may members of the family jobs. Very hot flushes, excessive sweating, sleep disturbance, irritability, an elevated need to help you urinate, sexual breakdown while some are definitely the most frequent complaints one occur during this time period and you may hinder each and every day operating. Though it could have been seen that women’s individual attitudes plus the thinking out-of peri-menopausal symptoms will vary generally, particularly change have been proven to features an adverse affect ladies’ lifestyle [step 3,cuatro,5]. The latest peri-menopause several months is also usually marked of the onset or exacerbation out-of diseases, for example diabetic issues, cardiovascular illnesses, weakening of bones and atherosclerosis, and therefore definitely connect with women’s lifestyle [6,7].
Quality of life (QoL) is a keen interdisciplinary layout included in various sciences and you can disciplines, including medication, therapy, nursing, sociology, politics otherwise economics. Total well being from inside the drug caters to to indicate the newest patient’s needs and also to help to make healing conclusion, considering the brand new grievances knowledgeable as well as their effect on the newest patient’s existence. Due to the multifaceted characteristics of one’s thought of quality of lifetime, kind of desire shall be paid towards perfect number of the newest search tools to have examining quality of life from inside the private studies . Once the center of your own twentieth century, the thought of the standard of lifetime has been interesting to many experts and you may clinicians speaing frankly about various health and psychological dilemmas. The newest peri-menopausal period could have been not an exception compared to that as a result of the upsurge in endurance, the importance having ladies health and the fresh impact that months off every day life is as important as the fresh new reproductive months. It is estimated that lots of women real time you to definitely-third of the lives in the newest peri-menopausal period, this is the reason, among other things, it is essential to to spotlight ladies’ fitness during this period of its lives in order to be capable give them the highest possible lifestyle [5,9].